Beta Alanine is a non-esential amino acid. Unlike most amino acids, it is not used by your body to synthesize proteins. Instead, together with histidine, it produces carnosine. Carnosine is then stored in your skeletal muscles. Carnosine reduces lactic acid accumulation in your muscles during exercise, which leads to improved athletic performance.
L-CITRULLINE MALATE 1:1
Citrulline is a non-essential, non-protein amino acid that forms during the urea cycle and forms ornithine when combined with carbon dioxide. Citrulline is also a critical source of endogenous (natural) arginine, as it is rapidly and efficiently converted to arginine in the vascular endothelium and other tissues
Citrulline’s benefits have been shown to be greater than its parent compound. While arginine undergoes direct hepatic (liver) metabolism through the enzyme arginase, citrulline bypasses hepatic metabolism entirely and it is delivered straight to the bloodstream. The result is that gut absorption and plasma (blood) bioavailability studies comparing citrulline and arginine have shown two things. First, that citrulline is less readily destroyed and has greater absorption than arginine. Second, that citrulline supplementation increases arginine levels more effectively than arginine supplementation itself.
This translates to promising results. For example, animal studies show a significant increase in anaerobic performance at a 250mg/kg/day serving of citrulline, while studies in humans implicate citrulline in both aerobic and anaerobic performance increases. As a critical part of the urea cycle, citrulline’s performance benefits are thought to be a result of its role in ammonia clearance. Citrulline is implicated in reducing the oxygen cost of muscle processes, along with increasing the rate of post-exercise ATP and phosphocreatine replenishment. As ATP and phosphocreatine are the body’s ‘exercise fuel,’ this may result in citrulline delaying time to exhaustion in aerobic and anaerobic exercise.
L-Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid that produces noradrenaline and dopamine which improves cognitive (brain) function. It is a precursor to L-Dopa, another common supplement.
L-Carnitine attached to an acetyl group. It is naturally found in the body and may aid in reduction of mental fatigue, energy production and fat loss.
Caffeine is one of the most widely consumed, and perhaps one of the most reviewed, psychoactive compounds. Its physiological effects in a range of areas have been well-documented, including exercise performance, information processing, alertness and mood enhancement, attention, and awareness, along with its anti-lipogenic and lipolytic abilities.
N-PHENETHYL DIMETHYLAMINE CITRATE
Eria Jarensis Extract is a stimulant that has gained recent popularity in the supplement industry. Eria Jarensis or N-Phenethyl Dimethylamine, is a Neuromodulator on the Central Nervous System (CNS) and provides several mental effects including powerful focus, energy and even an increase in mood.
These natural alkaloids have been shown to act as powerful β2 adrenoceptor agonists to support fat burning and muscle building. Benefits of Cocoabuterol® include accelerated fat loss, increased lean mass, boosted metabolism, enhanced exercise performance, and improved cardiovascular health.
sopropylnorsynephrine accomplishes what its cousin, synephrine, has always claimed to do, and that is increase lipolysis or fat loss. While synephrine is far more commonly seen and discussed, it has been shown to be only marginally effective at producing weight loss, while isoproylnorsynephrine was found to be “clearly lipolytic” in the aforementioned study.
Yohimbe is a tree found in Africa. The bark contains an alkaloid called Yohimbine. It is known for its stimulatory effects. Yohimbine can be referred to as Yohimbe Bark, Yohimbine HCl, Alpha Yohimbine, Rauwolscine and Rauwolfia Vomitoria.